At its extreme the literature review appears like the author has obtained a set of articles and spent a paragraph or two discussing each with no integration.
Make sure you understand the requirements A literature review can be a thesis on its own. Good literature reviews are critical of the ways that studies draw conclusions from empirical research.
Thus, the literature review does more than offering a theoretical approach, but it creates a window of inspiration for other researchers; The audience can make an idea on what is the focus of the paper, for the literature review offers a hint in this direction. Common design limitations include: The principles aim to assist students who are writing a literature review.
Research and theory is integrated into the structure. Moreover, try to look for any common or opposed conclusions and search for the most influential assumptions.
They do not rush to conclusion, yet they do strive to reach a nuanced conclusion based on the evidence. They vary the depth of explanation given to a study. The former reports the size of the effect, whereas the latter only reports the direction.
A better rule is to use quotes sparingly and only when the particular phrasing of the original author adds value, such as in definitions or when the words have a poetic or other literary effect.
Some good strategies include: Good literature reviews do not use "Cited in". They balance the need to be concise with the desire to provide deeper analysis. Common design limitations include: However, if you choose a quote, make sure to paraphrase the original words, citing the author.
Next four paragraphs described the contents and purpose of each section of the thesis. First, weaker literature reviews tend to waste words discussing material unrelated to the aims.
Did the author base the claim on common sense? Don't waste precious time on researching a tangential aspect of your main target, and don't give it more credit than it deserves.
Good literature reviews weight conclusions by the quality of the evidence for alternative arguments.
For example, does X cause Y or does Y cause X? Researchers preparing an academic publication may also find them a useful refresher.
Authors may argue that their data provides evidence for causal mechanisms, but at the end of the day, their research rarely allows for unambiguous causal inference.
They critically evaluate the empirical research and develop a reasoned evaluation of the justifiability and generalisability of claims. This way you make sure you underline your position, bringing a new light upon the sources that have treated the subject before. Is the author of the article an expert in your chosen field?
At a basic level this involves correct spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Good literature reviews provide a concise overview of the research on a topic.
Introduces another question of interest and reviews what has been found so far. They go into depth on a few articles. Good literature reviews clearly communicate the relationship between a statement and an accompanying citation.
When the question is focused, meta-analyses provide a systematic quantitative summary of a relationship. The aims are consistent with the broader research needs. For most topics in psychology, there are hundred, or even thousands, of articles on the topic. The following examples tend to be superior to ending a sentence with a mystery citation: At a basic level this involves correct spelling, grammar, and punctuation.
For example, in research looking at faking personality tests in selection and recruitment, reporting that a "student samples were able to increase their conscientiousness score on average by one standard deviation" e.
A good literature review is aware of the relationship between empirical observations and theoretical claims.
A better rule is to use quotes sparingly and only when the particular phrasing of the original author adds value, such as in definitions or when the words have a poetic or other literary effect. They highlight problems involved in drawing conclusions from empirical research.
Also, don't forget to ask if you should include a critique of your sources if it is necessary to offer an evaluation.Writing a Psychology Literature Review There are two main approaches to a literature review in psychology.
One approach is to choose an area of research, read all the relevant studies, and organize them in a meaningful way. An example of an organizing theme is a conflict or controversy in the area, where you might first discuss the studies that. Writing a Short Literature Review William Ashton, Ph.D.
York College, CUNY A student began a short literature review on the stigma of the mentally ill and perceptions of dangerousness.
Working through PsychArticles she found three Literature Review Example William Ashton. Health Psychology Literature Reviews Step #5 -- Writing the Literature Review Search this Writing the Literature Review A good literature review for example: by chronology, by themes, or by methodology; You may also talk about questions for further research.
Sep 29, · How to Write a Literature Review in Psychology For example, a literature review on the role of team diversity might spend many words discussing other factors besides team diversity that predict team performance.
Second, weaker literature reviews are a loose listing of ideas. At its extreme the literature review appears like the Author: Jeromy Anglim. To help you come up with the best result, here are some ideas on how to write a literature review. The importance of a literature review A literature review has an important role in the structure of a thesis.
Psychology Writing Center Phone: Writing a Psychology Literature Review There are two main approaches to a literature review in psychology.
One approach is to choose an area of research, read all the relevant studies, and organize them in a meaningful way. An example .Download